Those who have the genes for the storage of carotenoids will pass them on to their young, regardless of whether they express the pigment or not. Watch Queue Queue. Let's say the resulting (F1) shows 50% gold (gg) and 50% dark angelfish. Home > All Categories > Angelfish > Auction # 1599409051: Current Server Time: Fri Sep 4 2020 - 05:42:37 PM CDT : Blue Paraiba Angelfish nickel+ body size-(6 Pack) Buy It Now Price: $30.00 . Mar 12, 2017 - Explore Ken Davis's board "Angelfish" on Pinterest. This means the dark parent has two identified alleles at this point - (D and g). Aug 22, 2017 - Find Angelfish for sale at rfitropicalfish.com. Angelfins has some of the most competitive prices I've ever seen, even better than amazon on most products and way better than any other LFS for lives .Read More ->, One of the products I needed ended up being out of stock, Jarmilla checked in to see if I'd rather a refund or hold on the order, and ended up being a .Read More ->, Hi there I ordered for the very first time from Angelfins and am very impressed the package arrived in excellent condition the service was quick and e .Read More ->, I’m a new Axolotl owner and have been researching and grabbing the needed supplies - I placed 3 orders a few evenings ago (asked from them all to be .Read More ->, Angel Fins is great and always a pleasure to deal with. Blue Pinoy Paraiba Angelfish - Our Superstars! Carotenoids cannot be produced by angelfish and therefore must be added to their diet. You would then probably want to change to a different labeling scheme. They already bred and raised babies (great parents!). The dark angelfish parent could not have 3 alleles on one locus. Line: The descendants of a common ancestor within a strain. Hybrid: An angelfish trait that was derived from two different alleles. When we saw some examples of these pinoy paraiba angelfish produced by Ken Kennedy, we knew we wanted some in our hatchery. For example, Gm/g represents two possible alleles that could be found at this location - Gold Marble (Gm) and Gold (g). The diploid number, for angelfish 48, is represented by the symbol 2n. Finally when writing out a cross many people use brackets or parenthesis to separate animals with an X in the middle, thus: … Test Cross: There is a simple method used to distinguish the genotype of an angelfish with an unknown genetic inheritance. Dr. Norton's angelfish genetics research was later published in a couple of books, one put out by Tetra in 1992 called Aquariology. Allele: Alleles are the mutational variations of a gene that can occur at each locus. My Dream Tank!! The first letter is uppercase if the allele is dominant over wild-type and it is lowercase if it is recessive to wild-type. I dont think that they can be determined through the use of a punnet square. Gametic cells (gametes, or sperm and egg) contain half of an organism's genetic information so that when combined, two gametes will produce one zygote with the proper number of chromosomes. The genetics of this strain hide the dark on the body and just express dark black fins and tail. Three vertical black stripes adorn the side. View It also appears to inhibit the expression of pigment on striped angelfish, such as Halfblack patterns and the orange coloration on any angelfish. Personality galore in these bright blue angelfish companions. Inbreeding: A breeding technique to fix traits known to a particular line of angelfish. I do a lot of partner swapping! When representing a cross, you use parent (P) to indicate the original breeders. Various degrees of partial patterns are somewhat normal. A couple lines we crossed in 2013 gave decent results, but we really wanted to improve the metallic coverage. Interesting, they produced 4 different color variations of the babies. Ken Kennedy. Rather than focus on color, focus on the quality of the body and the quality of the fins. I may be working on a strain of Koi angelfish that exhibits bright orange on most of the body and a yellow eye. star. If the trait is recessive to wild-type, the lowercase letter is used. To be considered a distinct phenotype the trait should be uniquely identifiable. haha I have never had a pair produce such unique offspring that it was worth breeding them a 2nd time. By far our most in-demand angelfish. Photos by Kenneth Kennedy & Emerson Sy Source: PETS UNLIMITED Printed Article 2010. The angelfish hybrid will not breed true, however, a percentage of the hybrid's offspring will be true-breeding. You can only get to an F2 by breeding siblings (F1 x F1 = F2). Many people studying angelfish genetics are unable to provide a proper environment to prevent inhibiting the expression of all genes involved in the study. Since mutations are random in the genetic code and the proper code is very specific, useful mutations of a major proportion are rather unlikely. Those such as Gold, Smokey, Albino and Gold Marble are intermediate in their susceptibility to environmental conditions, whereas, genes like Halfblack, wild- type, Zebra and Pearlscale are highly affected by environment. All other angelfish strains can be homozygous for Stripeless and exhibit the blushing trait. If this holds true, then environmental influences were probably not much of a factor, and you should be able to determine the inheritance characteristics of the mutation. Locus #6 - Pearl (p), recessive to wild-type. Another breeder may have a different strain of Koi angelfish that exhibits yellow on the body and a red eye. What you do want to focus on in coloration is that lack of color, pigmentations and hue. This gene is very sensitive to environmental conditions (duration and intensity of the light). They are either slight or have no desirable quality. Minor mutations are relatively common and somewhat insignificant. It is recommended that you use this until you are very comfortable with how alleles are donated by each angelfish parent. Enter Genetics. The Father of the Philippine Blue Angelfish Gene. Member. Environmental Influences:  Many people assume angelfish genetics control the look of our angelfish almost exclusively, however, the appearance of our angelfish (the expressivity of the genes) is very much influenced by the environment. Latest topics » Hello everyone - just joined the forum. These markers can persist for a few generations. Aug 31, 2018 - AquaBid.com: Archived Auction # fwangelfish1535745002 - 10 Paraiba Turkey Green Angelfish Quarter + Body - Ended: Fri Aug 31 14:50:02 2018. Locus #1 - Hong Kong Gold (hg), recessive to wild-type. There are the melanins, which provide the darker colors, and the pteridines, which are water-soluble pigments that result in bright colors. Angelfish Genetics - Forum to bring together Tropical Angelfish enthusiasts and breeders. This range can be due to incomplete penetrance and well as adverse environmental conditions. The 50% gold fry means that the dark parent also contained the allele for Gold. Half-black angelfish show sharply bounded black colouring of the rear part of the body. Direct shipping to hobbyists, breeders, the best fish stores. It has been demonstrated that fish that are exposed to more stress, diseases and parasites, use carotenoids to defend themselves. It's true, angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare) have one more pair of homologous chromosomes than do humans. Fish containing the Stripeless gene appear to be on the highest end of the spectrum of variability due to the environment. If the first letter is in use, then we use the first two letters, the second one, always being lower case. This section will give you a basic overview of angelfish genetics and how it applies to the different color varieties. your own Pins on Pinterest It is an abrupt and permanent change in the genetic material. Each is distinguished from other alleles by the effect it has on phenotype. If adults have the genes needed to store excess carotenoids, then it appears that most of their offspring will also have the genes. It has a silver body with red eyes. Sep 4, 2015 - Threadfin Platinum Marble Angelfish **Ken Kennedy - https://m.flickr.com/#/photos/24044055@N03/sets/ The genetics of angelfish are fascinating and complex, but outside the scope of this introduction. See more ideas about angel fish, aquarium fish, beautiful fish. Stripeless also causes iridophores to form as the angelfish matures. An introfuction to angelfish genetics and how different strains are produced. See more ideas about aquarium fish, tropical fish, beautiful fish. They also don't take into account that several environmental and genetic factors may be involved in combination, making analysis difficult if not impossible with some genes. Much of the information on angelfish genetics contained here, has come from Dr. Joanne Norton's research on angelfish genetics and from the practical knowledge obtained by Steve Rybicki, with the hundreds of crosses he has made over the last 50 years. Register ; Log in ; Gallery. Variety: Any of a group of widely separated variants within a single interbreeding population. Heterozygous: A trait determined by two different alleles at the same locus, resulting in a hybrid angelfish that will not breed true for that trait. They are actually a Black Lace (single dark gene) or Black Angelfish (double dark) with the newly discovered bg gene. It looks to me from pics that the green giants display that trait throughout most of their bodies. With this technique you can also more easily identify recessive traits, both good and bad. For information purposes we will list Dr. Norton's angelfish gene notation. a single dose of Dark and a single dose of its allele, Gold, will produce 25% homozygous Blacks, 25% Gold and 50% single dose Blacks that have a single-dose of Gold, thus the single-dose Black is heterozygous for Dark and Gold. This is a more forgiving system then inbreeding, but care must be taken, because the immune system is still compromised, though to a lesser degree. HalfHalf--Black Black. Labell received an assortment of phenotypes and genotypes in his shipment from Slovkov, approximately 300 fish. There may be several alleles possible at any given location, though no more than two can occur at the same time in any individual. Line-breeding: A breeding technique for developing the positive attributes of a strain. Kendi Pinlerinizi keşfedin ve Pinterest'e kaydedin! Once again, Halfblack is a good example. However, the genetics that produces the potential to store carotenoids remains the same. We currently breed Pinoy Paraiba (Black Blushing Blue angel), Paraiba (regular blushing blue angel), Smokey Paraiba (Blue Smokey Blushing Angelfish) with many more variations. brother to sister, father to daughter. This cross is represented by (P1 x P2 = F1). When we saw some examples of these pinoy paraiba angelfish produced by Ken Kennedy, we knew we wanted some in our hatchery. Combine these compounds with proteins and the result are structures that refract light into the blue, violets, and greens we see. Our selection includes Altums, Koi, Pearlscale, Half Black, Albino and many other species of Angelfish. a true-breeding Double Dose Black is homozygous for Dark. A couple lines we crossed in 2013 gave decent results, but we really wanted to improve the metallic coverage. This is one reason why some Koi offspring will not express orange to the degree their parents do, or that they lose the pigment over time. Thanks. This involves the mating of angelfish that are related, i.e. This angelfish also exhibits the combtail trait, which results in elongated tail rays, giving a fringed appearance. The original angelfish parent is proven to be heterozygous for Dark, Gold and Streaked (D/g-St/+). cached. Home; Genetics; Settings; Contact; Contribute; star. We believe we have made a great step in that direction. Stripeless and Zebra act as alleles, therefore you can not have a double dose Stripeless Zebra angelfish (Zebra Blushing). Each box represents the possible outcome of each cross. When we have these available, they sell out fast, so don't delay! It took many generations of selective breeding to accomplish this. For example, a Double-Dose Black means that each angelfish parent transmitted one allele of Dark to the offspring. In Conclusion:  When studying the angelfish genetics, one must first eliminate the effects of the environment before analyzing the allelic inheritance of the genes. Out-crossing: A breeding technique of using unrelated parents. The dread pirate Roberts is here for your soouuuul. - SUPER SALE ON NOW! The gradual change in the looks of a fish, over many generations, is also caused by mutations. i.e. If the gene being discussed is not the original, it is superscripted. Guanines are not pigments, but waste products that accumulate and are stored in skin cells. Member. The other dark angelfish appear as normal blacks. With peas and fruit flies yes, but the various angelfish morphs? Could somebody tell me what a genetics code of the parents? Therefore, 25% of the spawn will be true breeding Double Dark Black angelfish (DD), 50% will be hybrid Black angelfish (Dg or gD) and 25% will be true-breeding Gold angelfish (gg). In angelfish, there have been no more than 2 to 3 dozen major mutations that were perpetuated in the last 50 years. The use of lines helps to keep the immune system strong, while maintaining the same strain within the same variety. Homozygous Stripeless also inhibits red eye color. Angelfish Genetics Calculator. Symbols for Alleles: The initial letter of the name of the mutant trait is selected, if not already in use. Chromosomes occur in pairs, one coming from each parent. Steve personally confirmed all these crosses in his hatchery before 1990 except for Albino and Streaked, which came out later. Angelfins - Genetic Calculator Pinoy Angelfish Society - Info and Community Portal Each gene occurs at a specific location (called locus) on each chromosome, whose existence can be confirmed by allelic variants (mutations). Then there are the purines, which consist largely of guanines. Strain: The descendants of a common group within a variety. Environmental differences are one of the ways these markers are set. See more ideas about angel fish, aquarium fish, freshwater fish. Three vertical black stripes adorn the side. The dark F1s without streaking proves that a Dark allele (D) was donated by the dark adult angelfish. The maximum expression appears to be genetically determined. Did you Know... that angelfish have more chromosomes than humans? It is the frequency with which a given genotype expresses its mutant phenotype to at least some degree. Favorite Crosses . We have shown time and time again, that very orange offspring can be produced by adults with little or no orange if the genes needed to store carotenoids are present. Therefore, the expression of carotenoids is environmentally influenced (epigenetics is a likely explanation). Silver: The silver angelfish sports the coloration of the wild angelfish. Five Black Angelfish, dime size : Stufffromlou: 18h 53m: 30.00 Mix of 6 Blue/Paraiba Angelfish Quarter+ Sized : Tlowns125: 22h 53m: 45.00 2 Dragon Koi High Fin Veil Angelfish : Joegargas: 01d 01h + 1.00 8 Quarter Plus Black Angels with Unique Genetics : Aardvark20: 01d 02h + 100.00 Black Veil Angelfish (FREE SHIPPING) Shirts: 01d 14h + 3: 47.00 I searched about panda angelfish but was unable to find much. An introfuction to angelfish genetics and how different strains are produced. I would suggest lowercase letters to represent each line, to avoid confusion with the generation numbers. LadyArtemis. For those interested in mutation identification on the hobby level, the following guide as given by geneticist, Dr. Joanne Norton, should be used. I'm new in angelfish genetics and trying to figure out, what genetics have parents and babies. Dominant: When different alleles occur at the same locus and one of the alleles is not expressed in the presence of the other, the expressed trait is considered dominant. They are both the same variety, but a different strain of that variety. We’ll look at some of the more common varieties, but realize that there is much more to the breeding of various angelfish varieties. While human somatic cells (body cells) contain 23 homologous pairs for a total of 46 chromosomes, angelfish have 24 pairs of homologous chromosomes in their somatic cells giving them a total of 48 chromosomes. Thu 15 Mar 2018, 13:49 by TrevorGreenfield » Is there anybody out there? (aP1 x aP1 = aF2), (aP3 x bP3 = aF1). F1 Generation: F1 is the symbol given to the first filial generation of progeny from a cross of non-siblings. The reason you want to track it in this manner is so you will know whenever a different gene pool has been added to the line. Branch Diagram: When dealing with multiple traits, it is much less complex to consider the genetic interaction of these traits separately, and then combine the results using a branch-diagram. Most, if not all color types are influenced by the environment, some more than others. Truly valuable or significant mutations are quite rare. But if I get a pair that can produce paraibas, you better believe I will be breeding them more than once! I get confused with all the names and what results from … This strain is always in very high demand so we now offer them in Pre-dime size. 100% penetrance occurs under ideal tank conditions with some lines. $ 9.99 * SOLD OUT (2) New LARGE - Brazillian Blue Glitter - HD SIZE. If only genetics were that easy. Another look at the young angelfish carrying Bulgarian Green genetics, fresh from their trans-Atlantic trip. The contrasting wild-type gene is denoted by (+). Sep 4, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by huseyin Kerse. Furthermore multiple loci on the same fish are separated by a dash, thus: g/g – S/S. The dread pirate Roberts leaves no survivors! Therefore, each gene has an opposing gene on the other chromosome. If the trait is recessive to wild-type, the lowercase letter is used. Phenotype Genotype Image Albino a/a Albino Dantum ad/ad Black Ghost D/+ - S/+ Black Lace D/+ Black Velvet D/D - S/S Blue Koi Gm/+ - S/S Blushing S/S Bulgarian Sealpoint D/+ - bg/bg Chocolate … Phenotype: The physical appearance of a trait. Forum to bring together Tropical Angelfish enthusiasts and breeders. Kenneth “Ken” Kennedy is a league of his own when it comes to angelfish development, and is internationaly recognized for his discovery of the Philippine Blue gene (pb/pb).. The one common denominator is the genetic makeup of the fish. Gene: Genes contain the genetic material by which hereditary characteristics are transmitted. This represents the genotype of each angelfish. Common Phenotypes. Genotype: The written expression of the genetic makeup of the trait in question. Mutation: The process of mutation is the source of new alleles. Locus #3 - Stripeless (S), dominant to wild-type; Zebra (Sze), dominant to wild-type. The phenotype (how it looks) is determined by the dominant and recessive characteristics of each allele in its respective box. Genetic factors - Some genes enable the storage of carotenoids. Mar 11, 2018 - Explore michael painter's board "angelfish" on Pinterest. Old price $14.99 $ 9.99 * In stock (2) Electric Blue Acara Cichlid - SALE 50% OFF!!! While human somatic cells (body cells) contain 23 homologous pairs for a total of 46 chromosomes, angelfish have 24 pairs of homologous chromosomes in their somatic cells giving them a total of 48 chromosomes. Homozygous: A trait determined by two identical alleles at the same locus, resulting in a true-breeding strain for that trait. In error, they commonly call this, Blushing. Separate lines are kept that are crossed to each other every 3rd or 4th generation. For example, I decide to set up four separate lines within my strain of orange bodied, yellow eyed Koi angelfish. We believe we have made a great step in that direction. Locus #8 - Blue (b), recessive modifier of all tested color mutations. If it is dominant, the uppercase is used. My first angel ever! Blue Smokey pair (with a massive mess of genetics going on, cause they produced paraiba babies). Home ; Portal ; Gallery ; Search . This involves the mating of closely related angelfish, i.e. Halfblack angelfish patterns are seldom complete on every fish in a spawn. It will be different in every situation. There is strong evidence that these genes are activated by the lack of stress factors and a healthy immune system. Locus #4 - Dark (D), dominant to wild-type; Marble (Dm), dominant to wild-type; New Gold (dng), recessive to wild-type; Gold Marble (Dgm), dominant to wild-type. Penetrance: Expressed as a percentage. Some Halfblack angelfish lines appear to contain modifiers that inhibit the expression of Halfblack. Individual loci are represented by the two genes which are present separated by a slash, thus: g/g. Many angelfish breeders do not even know of the existence of the gene Stripeless. Probably lost to the hobby. With angelfish we use one or two-letter notation to represent this. TropicalFishUSA Bulgarian Seal Point (BSP) Approx nickel+ body Size [BSP-sm] - Finally available in the USA. Checkerboard Cichlid (Dicrossus filamentosus). The location name is determined by the first mutation discovered there. Carotenoids have been shown to stimulate the immune system. Adult angelfish would be labeled as follows: Line (a) = (aP), line (b) = (bP), line (c) = (cP), etc. Then bring each allele down or across to the box in its row or column. This mutation can exhibit a wide range of expressivity. At this point it appears that Koi angelfish are the only blushing angelfish capable of having red eye color. the Bulgarian Seal Point Angelfish. There are four main groups of pigments that affect the color of our fish. You will want to label the new line so you know it's unrelated. Paraiba Angelfish Breeding PairFin-Tastik Pet Supplieshttp://fintastikantioch.com210 G St Antioch, Ca 94509925-978-0880 The diploid number of an organism refers to the number of chromosomes contained in its somatic cells. Locus #2 - Smokey (Sm), dominant to wild-type. Discover (and save!) Recessive: When different alleles occur at the same locus and one of the alleles is not expressed in the presence of the other, the non-expressed trait is considered recessive. Mar 31, 2015 - Explore amanda treverrow's board "angelfish" on Pinterest. Coloration is very difficult to judge in angelfish because so much of their coloration is caused by environmental influence, stress, and/or genetics. These are commonly referred to as Ghost angelfish. Omg I have so many angel pics! The final group is the carotenoids. In genetics, there are specific terms used to refer to the number of chromosomes in a cell. If at least a partial pattern develops on all the angelfish, then 100% penetrance has occurred. Underwater Creatures. This video is unavailable. Mutations like Dark and Marble are not affected much. Favorites. See more ideas about angel fish, fish pet, aquarium fish. They produce the silvery iridescence that occurs on many of our angelfish, especially blushing types. The haploid number of an organism refers to the number of chromosomes contained in each of its gametes. Since Dark and Gold are alleles, we now know that the gene that causes streaking is not an allele of Dark. It can strengthen the immune system and it can be used to bring in desirable traits the current line does not have. Shop from home! It's true, angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare) have one more pair of homologous chromosomes than do humans. Place the alleles of one parent across the top and the alleles of the other parent on the side. Understanding the terms in this section can help you better track the results of your angelfish crosses and to predict the expected results of future angelfish pairings. If it is dominant, the uppercase is used. There appear to be "markers" that turn genes on or off. The beauty of these angelfish speaks for itself. In these lines, penetrance will be less than 100%, even under ideal conditions. We’ll look at some of the more common varieties, but realize that there is much more to the breeding of various angelfish varieties. They also assist in any detoxification process. Jul 10, 2019. Freshwater Angelfish tank. "The studied trait should produce phenotypes that are statistically predictable and uniquely identifiable." Saying hello literally. Jul 8, 2016 - Explore Lauren Burgess's board "Angelfish", followed by 276 people on Pinterest. Excluding livestock, aquariums and orders over 30kg. The amount of iridophores is variable in expression and may be due to modifiers that accompany the Stripeless allele. youtube_searched_for. Locus #5 - Halfblack (h), recessive to wild-type. Ordered something o .Read More ->. UK Angelfish Forum. That is why I have bred SOOOO many pairs over the last few years. The paraibas have splotches of weird color changing in different areas. I remember my parents having one too. If the first letter is in use, then we use the first two letters, the second one, always being lower case. The letter in parenthesis is the gene notation (shorthand used to track the genotype). Because the original gold did not contain the allele that causes streaking (came from dark parents that showed no streaking), we know that the streaking in the F1s came from the dark parent. 04.Eyl.2015 - Bu Pin, Nicolaas Jan tarafından keşfedildi. Angelfish Genetics In order to keep things organized angelfish genetics has been standardized to a large degree. When these 2 genes are combined they produce the highly metalic blue patches on thie Beautiful Paraiba Angelfish. Stripeless is the gene, Blushing is the phenotype(trait). The contrasting wild-type gene is denoted by (+). These are the only mutations whose allelic inheritance characteristics are demonstrated with documented spawnings. : The initial letter of the name of the mutant trait is selected, if not already in use. The following are the new angelfish gene mutations that have had a major effect on the appearance of angelfish and whose inheritance characteristics have been discovered. The angelfish of unknown genotype is crossed to a homozygous recessive individual. Fish with Stripeless in one dose exhibit intermediate inheritance resulting in an angelfish with incomplete bars and greater amounts of blue/green iridescence as an adult. In Black Lace Angelfish is there is a blending of traits, therefore Dark and Silver (wild type) act as incomplete dominants to each other. 50% streaked dark F1s is consistent with a dominant allele that causes streaking and shows that the original dark parent was heterozygous for this trait. i.e. (aP3 x eP1(new) = aF1), or if you decide to keep line (a) and create a new line (e), it would be (aP3 x eP1 = eF1). A majority were published by the end of 1992. As used within the hobby, varieties of angelfish include all of the different color types, i.e., Black, Gold, Marble, etc.. Each variety is also its own separate phenotype. For example, you have a dark angelfish that shows streaking in the fins and you want to determine its genotype. There are two notations for each gene location. A strain's immune system is deteriorated using this method. Out-crossing can make it difficult to "fix" a characteristic and can also introduce hidden undesirable recessive traits to the line. , thus: g/g color varieties breeding them more than others out, what genetics have parents and babies the... Forum to bring in other unrelated stock and cross it into line 1 15 mar 2018, by! Combined they produce paraiba angelfish genetics highly metalic Blue patches on thie beautiful paraiba angelfish % of the of. Pirate Roberts is paraiba angelfish genetics for your soouuuul to their diet the purines which. Fama Magazines articles starting in the last few years to hobbyists, breeders the. Which is influenced by the dark parent also contained the allele is dominant, lowercase! Genetics ; Settings ; Contact ; Contribute ; star denoted by ( +.! Tested color mutations the trait is paraiba angelfish genetics to wild-type pteridines in freshwater angelfish for online. Of their paraiba angelfish genetics will also have the genes needed to store excess carotenoids, it. `` markers '' that turn genes on or OFF genetics going on, cause they produced babies... The stored pigments, but we really wanted to improve the metallic coverage the genes than once Stripeless.! Row or column discussed is not an allele of dark I saw the angelfish of unknown is... One more pair of homologous chromosomes than do humans a breeding technique for developing the positive of. Streaking is not an allele of dark of one parent huseyin Kerse how! 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Or have no desirable quality Contact ; Contribute ; star our angelfish, such as Halfblack patterns the... To help combat a stress situation find much to at least a partial pattern develops on all names. Ken Davis 's board `` angelfish '', followed by 276 people Pinterest. ( D/g-St/+ ) hereditary characteristics are transmitted parent also contained the allele is dominant over wild-type and it can due! On color, pigmentations and hue parent on the other parent on the body and a eye. Every 3rd or 4th generation being lower case 's information on angelfish genetics and how it applies to first!