明治時代 Meiji jidai) wird in der japanischen Geschichte der Zeitraum der Regentschaft des Tennōs Mutsuhito (Meiji-tennō) definiert. For several years Noh was not performed … They were considered the "fertilizers of the nation", These became a symbol of Japanese modernization, What the Tokugawa Peace turned the samurais into, Once at the bottom rank of society, they became a powerful force in the Japanese economy, Refers to the wealthy business conglomerates, This helped pay for the Japanese military build up, Means "Rich nation, strong military" a slogan of the Meiji oligarchs, He went on to become Japan's first prime minister, Means "revere the emperor and expel the foreigners", The 16 year old boy who became known as the emperor Meiji, Japan plunged into one of these about the same time that the U.S. did, Means "man of high purpose"; name given to the samurai in the anti-western provinces, This German supplied the Japanese with a sample Prussian constitution, This was the last stand for the way of the samurai, It was hoped that an invasion of this country would employ some samurai who had become largely unproductive, He led a Choshu-Satsuma alliance into battle near Kyoto in 1867, The worst example of the costs of modernization, One of two anti-western provinces in the southwest of Japan, He told the Japanese that if they did not open their economy to the west he would make them do it by force, After this treaty, Ito became the first Resident General in Korea. Elements 1-55 Quiz. PLAY "Bloodless Coup"? Juli 1912. -JPN say: if Russia gives up Manchuria, then JPN gives up Korea, but neither want to give up, so war. Civil war following the take-over of the Edo castle, betw the supporters of the Shogun & Emperor. Meiji definition, the designation of the period of the reign of Emperor Mutsuhito from 1868 to 1912. -Meiji govt send troops not to korea but to Taiwan to control Okinawa. By 1906, school attendance was as high as 95%, and Japan boasted one of the highest literacy rates in the world. The first thing about which historians often comment is the period’s stability. No further … 55 terms. Meiji Period. Religion: During the Tokugawa Shogunate, there were 3 religions: Shintoism, Confucianism and Buddhism, but during the Meiji Period, there was only Shintoism because 1. it had originated in Japan and 2. it emphasised the role of the emperor Education: The Imperial Rescript on Education, created in 1890, set out the qualities of a good citizen; these qualities emphasised … The reforms enacted during the Meiji emperor’s rule brought about the modernization and Westernization of the country and paved the way for Japan to become a major international power. Japan's most famous tale, and some say the world's first novel, … Meiji restoration definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Emperor Meiji 明治天皇, Meiji ... Due to the lack of reliable sources of the period, mysteries surrounding Emperor Meiji's personality and role in the Restoration remain a matter of historical dispute. Among the many reforms that took place during the Meiji period, those regarding the school system have contributed the most to the enlightenment of the Japanese people. What does Meiji period mean? Please do not modify it. The period marks the governance of the Edo or … Imperialism in Japan. The Meiji Era or Meiji Period was a time of incredible transformation in Japanese society. The Meiji Period-Asias Response to the West. During the Meiji period, the T-shaped kosode became known as the kimono, and it is now recognized as the national dress of Japan. There was now a need for massive amounts of labor to go forth with the modernization project. signed in 1895, ending the first Sino-Japanese war. Terms in this set (16) Japan's history is divided into 4 different periods: mention them and make sure to say the specific dates. This was seen in different sectors of the government. Hugo___o. Information and translations of Meiji period in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. See more. AP Gov Test. American art historian who was hired to teach arts in Tokyo University, -armed rebellion in Korea. Chapter 13: Section 1 Japan Modernizes. The Taisho Period is marked by a shift in power from the by now aging Meiji oligarchs or genro, men such as Ito Hirobumi, Okuma Shigenobu and Yamagata Aritomo, towards the newly-founded, though weak, divided and … He established the Liberal Party to start a movement aimed at establishing a constitutional monarchy and a legislative assembly. It marked the … to remove foreigners and foreign influence, Rebellion in China to resist to foreign influences. Match. This province became one of the hotbeds of anti-western thought. History homework. The most affected government sectors were the social, political, economic oriented institutions. peasant rebellion led by Kim Gu. Please comment below with questions, feedback, suggestions, or descriptions of your experience using this resource with … Elements 1-118. Basis for the upcoming constitution. In 788, Saicho, the founder of the Tendai sect of Buddhism established his monastery at Mount Hiei in Shiga prefecture. Such moveme… The Meiji Restoration (1868-1912) was a period of modernization and industrialization in which Japan both embraced Western customs and sought … -founder of Japanese modern education system, who emphasized tough discipline among workers and students, and also an important civic policy maker. Besides these, there was the group of “hired foreigners” (oyatoi gaijin) in the 1870s that were recruited by the Meiji state to guide the industrial revolution in Japan. -companies engaging in all kinds of economic: coal, oil, mine... -to made profit on behalf of the nation is what japanese should be doing, self-interest need to be hampered. Get a better understanding of this period in Japanese history by reading the lesson titled Meiji Restoration: Definition & Timeline. all the countries having treaties with China were forced to send troops to China to suppress the movement, including Japan, -only source of power, military instead of spiritual one, -anti-western at first, after Meiji, become eager learner of west, lead study abroad, -1872: 4 yrs school for all boys & girls, use tax to build school, but tax were already heavy, so low attendance and schools were burnt down, - general for Meiji forced in the Boshin War. I think you clear up any confusion by reading a little more Japanese history. Meiji period (明治時代, Meiji-jidai), also known as the Meiji era, was a Japanese era name (年号,, neng ō,, lit. -Military leader of the Meiji Restoration, most fearless Samurai, -Advocate for army with peasants (conscription army), (headed by Iwakura Totomi) Kido,Yamaguchi,Iwakura, Ito, and Okubo, -Famous building where Western culture (dance, balls, food, hairstyles etc.) Chapter 15. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. Created by. PLAY. 33 terms . During this golden age, the Kansai region would give birth to traditional Japanese culture. While the year 1868 was crucial to the fall of the shogunate and the establishment of … In the early Meiji period, the appointed Imperial Daijo-kan was filled with princes, aristocrats, loyalists domain lords (daimyō), and samurai. Basis for the upcoming constitution. At a stroke, the samurai class was eliminated and Noh lost its base of economic support. File. This period (AD 710–784) ... where it would remain for over a thousand years until the Meiji Restoration. To understand the dynamism of the Meiji years, one must begin with the factors in the Tokugawa era (1600–1868) that made Japan a unique and sophisticated nation. -King of Korea, welcome JPN bcs JPN lessen the influence of Chine in Korea, -less interested in JPN, more in solidify with CHN, -Fukuzawa's student, pro-JPN, lead Coup Detat too, -JPN first time demand communicate in English instead of CHN, -3 western countries force Japan give up Port Arthur, if Russia attack JPN then Brit fight Russia. Founded by the warrior Tokugawa Ieyasu at the conclusion of centuries of samurai warfare, the Tokugawa bakufu (tent or military government) … Conversely, … The Meiji period that followed the Restoration was an era of major political, economic, and social change in Japan. Find GCSE resources for every subject. This era represents the first half of the Empire of Japan, during which period the Japanese people moved from being an isolated feudal society at risk of colonisation by Western powers to the new paradigm of a modern, … STUDY. One of the main contributing factors to Japan’s modernization was the emulation of Togukawa society and the Togukawa beliefs (Craig 150). 118 terms. Itagaki sought peaceful rather than rebellious means to gain a voice in government. Okubo Toshimichi (1830 - 1878) (1 of the 3 most important, Ito Hirobumi, Kido Koin (Takayoshi). Learn. Mutsuhito wählte als Titel das Motto seines Regierens: Meiji (明治, Ligatur: , deutsch: aufgeklärte Herrschaft). During this time, the emperor was Meiji-tennō (明治天皇). James C. Baxter argues that the Emperor was a figurehead without real power who rarely interfered with what had been agreed upon in advance by the Meiji oligarchy. -submit petitions to govt "no taxation if no representation", -militia of farmer try to take over a Meiji Govt office, -Emperor has all right except tax & budget. A major proponent of representative government was Itagaki Taisuke (1837–1919), a powerful Tosa leader who had resigned from the Council of State over the Korean affair in 1873. Definition of Meiji period in the Definitions.net dictionary. The Meiji era (明治, Meiji, Japanese pronunciation: [meꜜː(d)ʑi]) is an era of Japanese history which extended from October 23, 1868 to July 30, 1912. Open Resource. 42 terms. Meiji Period. Portuguese firearms were introduced in 1543, and intense development followed, with strong local manufacture during the period of conflicts of the late 16th century. 1907-Korea king sent letter disagree with JPN, JPN force king to abdicate, Sunjong came to thrown but powerless, -Soviets disengage from WWI, make it possible for German to shift from West to East, -couple plan to assassinate Emperor Meiji. 1868. He forced the "unequal treaties" with Japan. Chemistry Lab Equipment, Laboratory Equipment Part II. Januar 1868 bis zum Tod des Kaisers am 30. Test. Also called the Meiji Emperor, he was the first ruler of Japan to wield actual political power in centuries. The Meiji Era was the 44-year period of Japan's history from 1868 to 1912 when the country was under the rule of the great Emperor Mutsuhito. Der japanischen Geschichte der Zeitraum der Regentschaft des Tennōs Mutsuhito ( Meiji-tennō ) definiert this man Japan... 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