Use as directed. Radioactive iodine is taken up by the thyroid, and destroys the cells in the thyroid gland. Symptoms of Lyme disease. White line disease doesn’t affect the white line – it only affects the hoof wall. Radioactive iodine (I-131) has been used to treat over-active thyroid disorders (hyperthyroidism) since the early 1940s. When a donkey gets seedy toe, otherwise known as white line disease, the white line area becomes weak and crumbly. The problem is generally noticed first by the farrier during routine trimming or shoeing. White line disease is the result of microbes infiltrating the non-pigmented stratum medium of the hoof wall,” he says. White line disease affects the inner layers of the hoof wall and presents as necrotic and crumbly grey-white material along the white line of the foot. Average Cost. White line disease is an infection of the hoof wall of a horse, mule or donkey, which causes it to disintegrate, writes Dr Mac. The old-fashioned practice of coating the hoof soles with Stockholm tar after picking out is also effective in preventing white line disease as it’s antibacterial and antifungal. |fw, On a quest to breed ‘the perfect Brahman’, Tilapia farming: Untapped SA market holds opportunity for growth, Backyard broiler business: Start small, dream big, Heavy rainfall predicted for Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KZN, Clarification wanted on relaxation of UK citrus export rules, John Deere’s small, but strong utility vehicles, All you need to know about cutworm control, Firearms re-licencing, amnesty ‘leave farmers defenceless’, South African wine exports triumph in difficult year. Avoid grease or similar products as they reduce horn oxygenation and can create an environment that encourages proliferation of horn digesting microbes. In some circumstances it may be necessary to take an x-ray before removing a large amount of hoof wall to check the stability of the pedal bone. Maintaining good foot hygiene and regular foot care will help to prevent the occurrence of WLD. In advanced cases, the infection moves from the hoof wall to the laminae, causing laminitis. See our FAQs. Iodine and tea tree oil are examples of ingredients with these properties. All of our UK sanctuaries are temporarily closed until further notice. This disease is caused by keratin-digesting fungi, which enter the hoof through a separation in the hoof wall. White line disease occurs when the hoof wall becomes separated or cracked, usually due to unusual stress on the wall; within these cracks, bacteria and fungi are often found. For example, there’s “slipper hoof”, where the hoof grows forward and turns up at the end, like a lady’s slipper. Monitor animals with a history of WLD closely as they will be more susceptible to recurrence. It is also used in the treatment of ovarian cysts and fibrocystic breast disease. Quite a cheap thing to make. Also known as: Arthritis, Suppurative Polyarthritis. Extremely wet conditions soften the hoof wall, allowing microorganisms to enter, as mud, manure and gravel pack into any cracks that occur.If not diagnosed early, white line disease can result in malformed hooves. If these structures are already compromised and the horse is lame, you must consult a veterinarian, as the horse will need extensive remedial treatment. Promoting thyroid health. In one of the most complete studies included in this White Line Disease, Onychomycosis update by Lubbock, Texas, farrier Burney Chapman, there were 25 different species of fungi incriminated in affected feet. The Inner Wall contains more moisture than the outer wall, and, because it is more flexible than the outer wall, the horn that it is made of is less dense. Healthy foot (left) and foot with white line disease (right). The reason why WLD occurs isn’t fully known, but anaerobic bacteria and fungi alongside poor foot hygiene play an important role in the development of the disease. Arrange for your farrier to check and trim the feet every six to ten weeks depending on the amount of exercise/wear, the age of the donkey and/or the presence of hoof pathology. E-mail Dr Mac c/o Causes and symptoms The hoof wall may even need to be artificially built up to protect the sensitive structures underneath. $1,000. Lyme disease is a bacterial infection that can be spread to humans by infected ticks. In 1863, Trousseau was called to visit a sick woman with tachycardia caused by Graves’ Hyperthyroidism. Radioactive iodine treatment induces damage of DNA leading to death of thyroid cells, causing a decrease in thyroid function and/or reduction in thyroid size. The first of these is the periople, a smooth, shiny layer that’s unfortunately often sanded off when horses are prepared for show. 28 April 2007 #8. Many people with early symptoms of Lyme disease develop a circular red skin rash around a tick bite. Consider this – white line disease is merely a symptom revealing that something is amiss in the horse’s diet, lifestyle, trim, or a combination of these. White line disease affects the inner layers of the hoof wall and presents as necrotic and crumbly grey-white material along the white line of the foot. The more a farrier tries to patch or cover up the damage, the wetter and darker the environment becomes for the fungi, and they just get happier and more aggressive. Generally donkeys with WLD will not be lame, but depending on the severity of the pathology or the presence of other associated diseases, lameness could be present. A friend of mine is going through a pretty drastic case of white line disease at the moment in one of his Shire driving horses. Your vet may decide to use sugardine (sugar and iodine mixture) in a bandage for the first few days after the affected horn has been removed, as this can help to harden the underlying softer layers of horn and keep the area clean. Donkeys seem to be more susceptible to WLD than horses. Carbimazole should be offered as first-line definitive treatment if radioactive iodine and surgery are unsuitable treatment options. Good, clean hard standing and dry bedding are important for the health of all donkeys’ feet, but for animals with recurrent WLD it is very important. The disease can also result in flat feet with under-run heels. Removing all the abnormal horn, ensuring good oxygenation to the area and maintaining good foot hygiene may be enough to manage the problem. 28 April 2007 #8. Working horses should have their feet “picked out” twice a day and carefully examined for stones or cracks in the hoof wall. Prevention and treatment E. Emma27 Well-Known Member. There’s often a hollow sound when the affected portion of the hoof wall is lightly tapped with a hammer. Iodine plays a vital role in thyroid health. Thrush Remedy did not seem to affect the Fungus. White Line Disease Treatment Although proper nutrition creates a denser hoof wall that is more resistant to White Line Disease, applying a topical product that utilizes a blend of ingredients known to have antimicrobial properties is an important step. Joint-ill is a suppurative polyarthritis and occurs in lambs up to one month of age. It's usually easier to treat if it's diagnosed early. Instead of being solid, the hoof wall disintegrates into a powdery white substance that’s easily scraped away. 1863 – Dr. Trousseau Accidently Discovers Iodine Cures Graves Disease. Seedy toe lesions are rarely painful unless there is extensive hoof instability, but the widened white line may allow the entry of foreign objects and organisms. For more developed cases, it can be several inches long going from one side of the hoof to the other. Alternatively, if very dirty, the sole of the hoof and sulci of the frog can be washed with a solution of bleach (30ml/â„“ of water), dried and coated with gentian violet or an iodine-based foot spray.If an outbreak of white line disease occurs, a farrier should always be called in to assist as it may be necessary to cut away portions of diseased hoof wall in badly affected horses. White line disease can initially appear as a small spot where the sole of the foot meets the white line. From 316 quotes ranging from $500 - $1,500. Then add 1 part iodine and 1 part eucalyptus oil. Removing it makes the hoof more prone to cracks and infections, which can lead to white line disease. “White line disease always occurs secondary to some separation of the hoof wall,” says Steve O’Grady, DVM, MRCVS, a farrier and veterinarian with Northern Virginia Equine, in The Plains. White Line Disease may be found in one foot or all four and is found among all breeds of horses. Iodine deficiency is a lack of the trace element iodine, an essential nutrient in the diet.It may result in metabolic problems such as goiter, sometimes as an endemic goiter as well as cretinism due to untreated congenital hypothyroidism, which results in developmental delays and other health problems.Iodine deficiency is an important global health issue, especially for fertile and pregnant … Good foot management is the key to prevention. This procedure should not be painful but it may be necessary to remove a lot of hoof wall if the disease has progressed. An owner's guide to preventing, recognising and treating white line disease (WLD, or seedy toe) in donkeys and mules. It begins with a separation between the hoof wall and the sole. Change bedding frequently, avoiding humidity and accumulation of faeces and urine, especially in wet seasons. Use as directed. Symptoms of White Line Disease in Horses. heart disease and related disorders, ... Iodine patch test: The iodine patch test is a test where doctors paint a patch of iodine on your skin and check how it looks 24 hours later. Once the foot is clean topical disinfectants (eg povidone iodine, hydrogen peroxide or zinc sulfate) in solutions or sprays are useful to reduce microbial contamination. A hoof supplement that provides additional biotin, methionine, zinc, and iodine will supply nutrients that are essential for the development and maintenance of strongly bonded layers of hoof tissue. White Line Disease likes to eat into the white Inner Wall of the hoof first. Sheared heels occur when one side of the foot is longer than the other and the bulbs at the back of the foot separate, causing a deep fissure, which can also become infected with bacteria. White line disease used TO be known as “seedy toe”, but the name was changed because it can also affect other parts of the hoof wall, including the sides and heels. White Line Separation; White Liver Disease; Worms in Sheep; Joint-ill in Sheep. This waterproof layer protects the hoof from excess moisture or from drying out. If a horse with white line disease is lame, consult a veterinarian immediately. This is differentiated from footrot, where a greasy, bad smelling exudate is seen in the sulci of the frog and heels. In mild cases there are few symptoms and the horse isn’t lame, but the infection can spread upwards and inwards and ultimately cause severe lameness and destruction of the underlying structures.The hoof wall, which is the outside of an equine hoof, has three layers. White line disease (WLD) affects the middle and thickest layer of the hoof wall — the stratum medium — between the outer hoof wall and the insensitive laminae (also called the stratum internum). Hooves that wear unevenly, a club foot or under-run heels can also cause hoof wall injuries. The rise of white line disease has driven thousands of horse owners and farriers to natural hoof care. "well shell never get white line disease as all the ingredients you put in are to treat it!" Dry sand can dehydrate the hoof wall, making it prone to cracking. All horses are susceptible to bacteria and fungi that can damage their hooves. Iodine is a chemical element with the symbol I and atomic number 53. In these cases it is vital that all the affected horn is removed to ensure the acrylic material bonds to healthy horn. The Thrush Buster killed White Line disease where it was applied and continued to spread and kill more fungus over time. Those with thyroid disease should check with their GP before taking additional iodine as should those who have had low iodine intake over many years. Your thyroid gland, which is … Pull shoes and apply directly to white line area and into any hoof wall defects. Re-apply twice per week. The vet basically removed a huge section of hoof, packed the opening with an anti fungal cement-like substance that has to be monitored daily and his feet kept as dry as humanly/horsely possible until the hoof grows back. Re-apply at each shoe reset. Additionally, commercial equine foot formulations that produce chlorine dioxide can also be used. This will make it easier for microorganisms from the horses’ environment to eat their way into the hoof wall. Clean the hooves daily, monitoring the integrity of the white line and the rest of hoof structures. The fungus has not grown back over the Thrush Buster as it did the other remedies. Unleash the elemental power of iodine – now in a convenient dry powder spray – to CRUSH germs in minor cuts, scrapes and burns. Putting sand or sawdust on walkways and under gates is essential as white line disease is often associated with wet conditions. Iodine and tea tree oil are examples of ingredients with these properties. The hooves must be bare or booted to fix the situation. Betadine ® Antiseptic First Aid Products. Offer carbimazole as a 12–18 month course using either a block and replace regimen (combination of fixed high-dose carbimazole with levothyroxine sodium ), or a titration regimen (dose based on thyroid function tests), and review the need for further treatment. White line disease is mainly caused by a fungus, but the bacteria associated with footrot can also be involved. It is a first-line definitive treatment for adults with Graves' disease and those with toxic multinodular goitre. It is now being used more often as a first-line treatment rather than surgery. Eventually there is no way to attach a shoe. Pseudallescheria sp and Scopulariopsis were two of the more common fungal isolates. When the dirt/debris along the white line is removed with a hoof knife, an open undermined area is revealed, filled with powdery material. So I buy a tin of normal hoof oil (say Carr, dar and Martin) remove 2 parts of it (if 500ml then I remove 100ml). The second and third layers of the hoof wall are much thicker and a thin white line separates the wall from the sole. Betadine ® Antiseptic Gargle unleashes the elemental power of iodine to treat and relieve sore throat symptoms. White Line Disease Treatment Although proper nutrition creates a denser hoof wall that is more resistant to White Line Disease, applying a topical product that utilizes a blend of ingredients known to have antimicrobial properties is an important step. However, if the amount of wall that has been removed is substantial, your vet or farrier may decide to refill the defect with acrylic material to give more stability to the hoof capsule. The dietary element of managing white line disease involves feeding recommended amounts of energy, vitamins, and minerals. Food grade white iodine is used as a dietary supplement to regulate metabolism and treat thyroid deficiencies by stimulating the production of T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine) hormones. [email protected]. It has a white, powdery look to it. It can affect any of the four feet and recurrence is common. The heaviest of the stable halogens, it exists as a lustrous, purple-black non-metallic solid at standard conditions that melts to form a deep violet liquid at 114 degrees Celsius, and boils to a violet gas at 184 degrees Celsius. The rash can appear up to 3 months after being bitten by a tick and usually lasts for several weeks. Ther you have it. The first line of defense against hoof disease is usually the farrier. However, topical treatment with tincture of iodine is commonly performed daily for at least a week. This can occur in several places-the toe area, the toe and quarter of the foot, or the heel. Bad stable yard conditions can also contribute to white line disease. White line disease has many other names: stall rot, hollow foot, wall thrush, and seedy toe. For ease of our discussion in this article, we’ll refer to this problem as white line disease. Scraping it with a nail produces a chalky residue. Horses kept outside, such as broodmares, should have a general check up at least once a week. Alternatively, if very dirty, the sole of the hoof and sulci of the frog can be washed with a solution of bleach (30ml/â„“ of water), dried and coated with gentian violet or an iodine-based foot spray.If an outbreak of white line disease occurs, a farrier should always be called in to assist as it may be necessary to cut away portions of diseased hoof wall in badly affected horses. White Line Disease is a fungal infection of the white line (or lamina) on the bottom of the horse’s hoof. An owner's guide to preventing, recognising and treating white line disease (WLD, or seedy toe) in donkeys and mules. Apply directly to white line area and into any hoof wall defects. The following are best practice for prevention of this condition: Your farrier or vet will remove all the damaged horn. Iodine in supplements should be in the form of “potassium iodide” or “potassium iodate” and should not exceed the daily adult requirement of 150 mcg. It is an effective method of treatment. The entry point for the fungi and bacteria is often a break in the hoof wall, resulting from galloping over uneven ground, a stone in the foot, or a crack caused by overlong hooves. Shod horses: Hoof should be dry and clean before application. White line disease can affect any horse, of any age, at any time when conditions are favorable. White Line Disease in Horses (Hollow wall, Seedy toe, Onychomycosis) By . 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