Henry II and Thomas Becket. Theobald recommended him to King Henry II, who made him Chancellor (1155). Henry II was king of England from 1154 to 1189. This error message is only visible to WordPress admins, William Booth and the Inspiration behind the Salvation Army 1865 →. Henry II was not to be so easily thwarted, however, and indeed did not object to Thomas Becket’s ruling against the marriage of William FitzEmpress and Isabel de Warenne. Becket was born in 1118, in Normandy the son of an English merchant. One should note that a chancellor of England in the twelfth century was equivalent in power and prestige to the Prime Minister of today. Con. Christopher Lee KS2History Anglo-Saxons Planning Pack 177 1 decade ago. Oxford Encyclopaedia of World History Henry was not Stephen’s son, but took the throne because Stephen had recognised Henry as his heir in the Treaty of Winchester (1153). Becket submitted to Henry excepting only on one point, and the negotiations failed. The first of three Angevin kings of England, he expanded the Anglo-French domains and strengthened the royal administration. After the canonisation of Thomas, Henry II had himself soundly scourged by willing monks in repentance for having suggested Becket’s death, and quietly told the murderers to exile themselves in France quickly, on pain of death. King Henry II, keen to make good the financial losses endured during King Stephen’s reign soon had his attention drawn to the financial advisor in the household of the Archbishop of Canterbury and appointed Thomas Becket chancellor. Henry’s Plantagenet blood got the better of him, and in a moment of rage aided by the bottle, he said something in a low voice which was misinterpreted (or so they later claimed) by four of his soldier barons. Becket, quick-witted and agreeable, impressed his new employer, who duly recommended him to Henry II for the post of Lord Chancellor in 1155, and he swiftly made himself indispensable to the king by securing his traditional sources of revenue. Henry II of England, Louis VII of France and Thomas Becket met at Montmirail to hold peace talks. Accordingly, Henry II appointed his chancellor Thomas Becket as the new archbishop of Canterbury in June 1162 CE. The new King was the lawful son of Geoffrey, Count of Anjou. His family was well off, his father a former Sheriff of London. In 1145, Thomas went to work for the then Archbishop of Canterbury, Archbishop Theobald. In June 1162 Thomas Becket, by training as an accounts clerk to his cousin, a banker, was consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury. He also fired a number of bishops appointed in his absence by the King. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Henri , Henri d'Angleterre et Henri II . His subjects were reminded that they must by Law equip themselves for military service. As Head of the Catholic Church in England he caused Henry endless trouble. His fear of excommunication was very great, he sought out Becket’s murderers and begged forgiveness and reconciliation with the Pope. Becket quickly came to be seen as a martyr, people prayed to him, and he was believed to work miracles. Henry and Thomas saw fit to use the matter of the Benefit of Clergy to bring matters to a head between them. Henry II and Thomas a Becket. St. Thomas, then Archbishop of Canterbury, was murdered by several knights loyal to King Henry II on Dec. 29, 1170. threw himself prostrate before the tomb in the crypt, and confessed to the bishops with groans and tears his deep remorse for the hasty words which had led to the murder. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. He lived to regret this, as four of the barons decided (without informing the King of their intention) to ride from London to Canterbury, where they entered the great church while Becket and a monk were celebrating High Mass. It was during Henry’s reign that land-laws were developed in order to meet the needs of a more complex society. Often together, people said the two men ‘had but one heart and one mind’. Henry and sheriff’s aid. Soon their were proclamations of miracles taking place at his tomb. Thomas publically accepted these constitutions only to renounce them later. Debauched King Henry II (Peter O'Toole) installs his longtime court facilitator Thomas Becket (Richard Burton) as the Archbishop of Canterbury, assuming that his old friend will be a compliant and loyal lackey in the King's on-going battles with the church. 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