This is one of the best regimental histories to come out of the war and has been reprinted by the Naval and Military Press. The website of the Scots Guards Regimental Family –. Imperial war Museum Q57228 3rd (Reserve) Battalion … Officers made a very large proportion of volunteers and 167 served in the ranks, resuming their commissions after the unit had been disbanded. The Battalion had rejoined the reformed 201st Guards Motor Brigade on 25 August 1942 and served with the formation until 27 June 1943. The arrived at Waterloo from Aldershot on their way to the Chelsea barracks will stop their place the first Battalion the love gone to Aldershot the switchover is part of the general change of quarters being carried out in the London district command. The history covers all battalions of the regiment, not just those which served abroad and is divided into seven parts. The Battalion then travelled across France to Chamonix where it was billeted in hotels and began training, helped by the 199th Battalion of Chasseurs Alpins. 24-08-1918. Notes: Another war diary which contains a lot of information of a non-military nature. Notes: An average war diary for the period which is mostly typed. The Atholl Cummers, III. The final Battle Honour was “NORTH WEST EUROPE, 1944-45”. After the Restoration of Charles II, the Earl of Linlithgow received a commission dated 23 November 1660 to raise a regiment which was called The Scottish Regiment of Footguards. The rest of the Battalion was a motley collection drawn from across the British Empire, the Regular and Territorial Army and civilian life. Three days later, another fifty-five other ranks left for the Holding Battalion. The other five concern the Regiment’s service during the war and the aftermath. On 2 March, the Battalion travelled to Southampton and landed in France the next day. 2nd Battalion Scots Guards in Malaya, 1948-1951. The roll call of 2nd Battalion, Scots Guards on the Menin Road, 27 October 1914 answered by 12 officers and 460 soldiers. The Battle Honours “DJEBEL BOU AOUKAZ, 1943, I” and “NORTH AFRICA, 1941-43” were added to the Colours. The other five concern the Regiment’s service during the war and the aftermath. The Battalion was part of 29th Infantry Brigade which was redesignated as the 22nd Infantry Brigade on 3 October 1939. The only downside to the diary is that map coordinates weren’t recorded. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. The 2nd Battalion took part in the landings at Salerno on 9 September 1942. Right after a long discussion with CUSTARD i have told him to let women into the group, but only if their husbands, boyfriends, partners were in … Of these men, 161 are buried or commemorated in Italy, 53 in Egypt, 28 in Tunisia and 26 in Germany. I am deeply conscious of having had these incomparable troops in my Corps. On 2 March the 1st Battalion was evacuated with a total strength of 238, having lost 666 all ranks, a third of them missing, mostly captured. The 5th Battalion was to be the British unit trained in the use of skis and winter warfare for the expedition. Apart from participation in the abortive campaign in Norway in 1940 the 1st Battalion was still in Britain. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Notes: A good war diary and it’s a shame it ends so shortly after the outbreak of war. The Battalion was assembled at Wanstead, London on 11 October where the unit remained until 31 May 1942 when it moved to Marston Bigot Camp near Frome in Somerset. The most interesting document is a very detailed “Report from Colonel Coats on the birth and demise of the 5th (S.R.) The British and American Armies advancing from the south of Italy joined up with those at Salerno and, as the autumn wore on and the conditions worsened, slowly and painfully moved on from each deep river valley across each mountain range beyond. On 4 October 1943, what was left of the Battalion proceeded to Pirbright Camp where the soldiers were posted to the Training Battalion. Coats commanded the Battalion during its short existence. The contribution of 6th Guards Armoured Brigade in the success of the whole operation has been conspicuously superior. See more ideas about scots, guard, british army. Men of the 2nd Battalion Scots Guards in a barn on the road between Sailly-sur-la-Lys and Rue Petillon near Fleurbaix, December 1914 As we approach the centenary of The Great War, it is useful to outline the operational organisation of the Household Cavalry and the … If you want to learn more about a battalion of the Scots Guards, I’d recommend combining its war diaries with the regimental history The Scots Guards 1919-1955 by David Erskine. Another company, containing men from the Training Battalion at Pirbright who could not ski, was added to the unit later. The enemy had withdrawn across the Rhine by mid March. We are the largest and fastest growing community of UK forces veterans on the web with over 500,000 members! The first covers the Scots Guards in between the wars and the last Malaya. The only other appendix is an internal security scheme which “details action to be taken by the Battalion occupying area Equile Lipizzano in the event of civil disturbance in Allied Occupied Guilia” dated 22 February. The Battalion served with the Brigade until 19 March 1940 when it joined the 18th Infantry Brigade. On 6 April 1942, the Brigade was reorganized as the 200th Guards Motor Brigade Group, then the 201st Guards Motor Brigade Group before being captured at Tobruk in June 1942. Since leaving Italy the 2nd Battalion had been reinforced, including with a large detachment of men transferred from the RAF, and trained for infantry operations in the Guards Armoured Division which it joined early in February 1944 and fought with to the end of the War, ending up near Bremen. The Battalion’s position was near the centre of 2nd Corps whilst most of the action during the day was against the flanks. There are a variety of appendices including movement and administration orders. In 1939 the 2nd Battalion was already stationed in Egypt. These are mostly strength returns and lists of officers “recommended for acceptance as other ranks” for February. Early on the Italians were the only enemy, but when they were badly defeated and there was a risk of their being expelled from Libya the Germans intervened. For most of the soldiers who served during the war, that will be one of their children. Of these men, 237 are buried or commemorated in Italy, 95 in Tunisia and 10 in Norway. 2007-12 The 1st Battalion deploys to Afghanistan on Operation Herrick. The 2nd Battalion plays a key role in the Falklands War. Notes: These index cards record the stations of the Scots Guards’ battalions, though when the units were abroad only the vaguest of information was recorded. General Rommel staged a major counterattack and, having just moved up to the most forward positions, the 201st Guards Brigade’s anti tank guns destroyed the German tanks at point blank range in large numbers, resulting in the important Battle Honour “MEDENINE”. Notes: The daily war diary entries for the Battalion are short and without much detail but there’s nearly 100 pages of appendices. Back in July 1944, the 3rd (Tank) Battalion landed in France, … In one of the subsequent battles the 2nd Battalion, in the 201st Guards Brigade, held the Knightsbridge Box for two weeks under heavy attack, but because of other events nearby it was a severe British defeat. The 2nd Battalion Scots Guards marching away from Waterloo Station. The 1st Battalion fought in Italy till the end of the War by when half of all Scots Guardsmen who lost their lives had died there, the Battle Honour “ITALY, 1943-45” being their memorial on the Colours. The Battalion also served briefly in Syria in 1942 before taking part in the Tunisian Campaign which came to an end on 13 May 1943. Churchill tanks of the 3rd Battalion, Scots Guards, 6th Guards Tank Brigade, with infantrymen of the 2nd Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, advance near Beringe in Holland, 22 November 1944. When the Battalion was in action, the war diary entries are very detailed. The following documents may be of interest to you if you’re researching either the Regiment or a soldier who served with it during the war. The British withdrew to the Alamein position along the Egyptian border, which they held successfully ahead of the counterstroke at the Battle of Alamein. This article is one of a series of guides I’ve written to researching soldiers who served in the British Army during the Second World War: I offer a Second World War Soldier Research Service. By 2 pm, however, major attacks were developing on the boundary between 2RS and 1GORDONS to their Listen to music from 2nd Battalion Scots Guards like March Medley: I.Wings, II. Well ahead of the invasion of Normandy that began on D Day, 6 June 1944, the 6th Guards Tank Brigade formed in England and included the 3rd (Tank) Battalion Scots Guards, equipped with Churchill tanks. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission recorded 368 dead for the 1st Battalion between 3 September 1939 and 15 August 1945. Not only do these add important insights into a unit’s service during the war, if you’re lucky you may find that the soldier you’re researching provided an account. Then look through my generic First World War guides, especially those regarding medal records and British Army abbreviations and acronyms.I’d recommend downloading the relevant Battalion’s war diaries (see below) and also getting either a copy of the regimental history: The Scots Guards in the Great War 1914-1918 or Randall Nicol’s excellent two-volume Till The Trumpet Sounds … 90 pp. Following the conversion of the 3rd Battalion Scots Guards into an armoured unit, 300 of its soldiers were posted to the 4th Battalion. On 3 September 1939, the 2nd Battalion Scots Guards was stationed at Matruh in Western Egypt. the Strathspey King, III. Revenge for Gazala came in March 1943 by which time the British were approaching the Tunisian border. Battalion Scots Guards”. There is an index. O'Rourke's Reel, V. the Pipers Waltz, VI. First they attacked the machine gun post which Lord Lyell demolished with a grenade. The Germans had deployed small parties, well concealed in scrub and ditches, to snipe from behind the advancing troops. Notes: Another average war diary with a small number of appendices including a field return of officers, and a field return of other ranks dated 6 March 1943. If you have an army number and it doesn’t fall within the above range, it shows that the soldier was transferred to the Scots Guards from another regiment or corps. On being told he said “I reckon we’ll be O.K. On 1 October, the Battalion joined the 32nd Infantry Brigade (Guards) in which it served until 5 September 1943. Hundreds of men left the 3rd Battalion following its conversion and joined the 4th Battalion. The Battalion was part of 29th Infantry Brigade which was redesignated as the 22nd Infantry Brigade on 3 October 1939. The Battalion was initially organized into a headquarters and four ski companies. There are three files at the National Archives covering enquiries into officers and other ranks of the Scots Guards who went missing during the war. Award citations for 2nd Battalion Scots Guards in Italy 1943-44. Notes: An average war diary which contains a large number of appendices, most of which relate to the various exercises the Battalion undertook during the year. The first is the War Office Casualty Lists which recorded those killed, missing, died of disease/accidents, taken prisoner and confirmed prisoners of war. There are six appendices including a roll of honour and a list of honours and awards. Notes: A good war diary with a wide variety of appendices. On 30 May 1941, the Battalion received the news that it was to be converted into an armoured unit. The 201st Guards Brigade then came across a large agricultural complex at Battipaglia, which, on the only German communication route behind their positions, was of critical importance. The 2nd Battalion’s next major battle began on 5 November and was finally concluded on 9 December, a grim and gruelling fight up steep rocky slopes on thoroughly prepared German positions. The Battalion remained training in Britain until 29 January, when the unit embarked for the Netherlands where it took part in the last months of the campaign in Europe. There is an index. Only Captain The Lord Lyell with four men were in the right place to do something about it. For example on 2 January, the unit had its belated Christmas dinner which “included tomato soup, turkey and pork with vegetables, plum pudding, cake, fruit, nuts, chocolate, cigarettes, two bottles of beer per man, hot rum punch and vino ad lib”. On 10 June 1940, Italy declared war on Britain and the 2nd Battalion saw heavy fighting in the Western Desert Campaign in Libya and Egypt. The problem at Anzio was that shortage of landing craft made it impossible to land a large enough force to give the American commander the confidence to land and advance rapidly to cut the main German supply route twelve miles inland. The Battalion first saw active service in the disastrous Norwegian Campaign following Germany’s invasion on 9 April 1940. The battalion's losses were approximately 5 men killed, 1 officer and 20 men wounded. The Scots Guards used the numbering block 2,688,001 to 2,714,000 for its soldiers who served in the ranks. There was nearly a disaster. It served throughout the North African campaign ultimately ending up in Tunisia in May 1943. The main hill, with three high points and a monastery on the top, gave its name to the Battle Honour “MONTE CAMINO”. Most of these men were either killed or taken prisoner, while a handful managed to escape. Almost immediately after their arrival the 2nd Battalion in the Guards Armoured Division and the 3rd Battalion again with the 15th Division were in from the start in the Battle of the Rhineland. Three days later, the Battalion disembarked at Taranto and the unit served in the Italian campaign for the remainder of the war. On 15 March 1943, the Battalion moved to Hunstanton in Norfolk. Then there are a variety of prisoner of war records and the British Library’s digitized newspaper archive. 2nd Battalion Scots Guards On 3 September 1939, the 2nd Battalion Scots Guards was stationed at Matruh in Western Egypt. The Wee Highland Laddie, Solo Pipes: I. On 28 September 1941, a Regimental Order announced the formation of a new battalion of the Scots Guards. Age 26. The Battalion was sent back to Bordon and disbanded shortly after. The 3rd Battalion continued on into Belgium, Holland and finally Germany, the other Battle Honour attributable to them after the crossing of the frontier, but shared with others, being “RHINELAND”. Find out and research your past; find relatives and ancestors that have served with the Scots Guards. There is an appendix recording the officers and their distribution in the Battalion in October, a couple of maps of the left and right companies’ areas and a list of officers available as reinforcements. The only appendices are a programme for the visit of King George VI and a short letter informing the Battalion of the positive reactions of the King. During the Second World War the principal centres of attention for the Scots Guards were North Africa, Italy and the moves through France, Belgium, Holland and Germany in 1944 and 1945 until the German surrender. There are lists of Scot Guard prisoners showing which German camp they are being held in. The war diary includes map coordinates for Tunisia but not Italy. There is also a battle order for the officers dated 12 February and a detailed account of F Company’s activities between 6 and 11 November. if the Guards are there.”. The Scots Guards is unusual, in that their service records are still held by the regimental archive, while the rest are held by the Ministry of Defence. They often contain appendices in the form of orders, maps, battle reports etc. Feb 24, 2016 - Explore Aron's board "Scots Guards" on Pinterest. In September 1900 the battalion formed part of a column based on Harrismith under Campbell. The other two Battalions in the 24th Guards Brigade had suffered similarly. The Allies just managed to hold onto what they had along the coast but it was a very close call before the enemy pulled back in the face of heavy bombing and shelling by the Royal Navy. The 3rd Battalion Scots Guards was raised in the Chigwell and Buckhurst Hill area of Essex on 16 October 1940 as a regular infantry battalion. Flett From Flotta, IV. The 1st Battalion, now in the 24th Guards Brigade, fought for two weeks here, suffering very heavy casualties, with thirst also a great strain. On 22 January 1943 the 1st Battalion was in this seaborne operation by both British and American troops. In the operations to cross the Rhine and subsequently the 6th Guards Tank Brigade were for a time working with the Americans following which the Brigade Commander received a message from General Matthew Ridgway, Commander of the US Airborne Corps, later the Supreme Allied Commander in Europe “The period of our joint service has been brief but includes momentous days in a brilliant and now historic operation [the Rhine crossing and the advance to capture Műnster]. 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