Harris & Ewing/Underwood Archives/Getty Images. By the time three waves of Spanish flu swept across the globe in 1918 and 1919, at least 50 million people were dead, including 675,000 Americans. This is a timeline of influenza, briefly describing major events such as outbreaks, epidemics, pandemics, discoveries and developments of vaccines. An estimated 1/3 of the world’s population was infected with the 1918 flu virus – resulting in at least 50 million deaths worldwide. It infected about one-third of the population, and had a considerable death toll, although the worldwide exact number is still debated. In Britain, for example, a government official named Arthur Newsholme knew full well that a strict civilian lockdown was the best way to fight the spread of the highly contagious disease. But it is false to attribute a specific number of … To the contrary, the Spanish flu pandemic spread more or less simultaneously in 3 distinct waves during a 12-month period from 1918–1919, in Europe, Asia, and North America (the first wave was best described in the United States in March 1918). The 1918 flu, also known as the Spanish Flu, lasted until 1920 and is considered the deadliest pandemic in modern history. The horrific scale of the 1918 influenza pandemic—known as the "Spanish flu"—is hard to fathom. As this was during World War I, newspapers were censored (Germany, the United States, Britain and France all had media blackouts on news that might lower morale) so although there were influenza (flu) cases elsewhere, it was the Spanish cases that hit the headlines. The Spanish Flu came in what has been described as waves, similar in some ways to what we see today with COVID-19. The Spanish influenza pandemic, which began in 1918, caught every nation by surprise. 1918 Spanish Flu. Estimates for the death toll of the “Asian Flu” (1957-1958) vary between 1.5 and 4 million. Well, it's easy as toast! Experts agree the Spanish flu occurred in multiple waves and that the second wave was significantly more deadly than the others. Global deaths from the third wave, while still in the millions, paled in comparison to the apocalyptic losses during the second wave. / R. C. Lethal virus. A third wave erupted in Australia in January 1919 and eventually worked its way back to Europe and the United States. It killed 50 million people (At the same time, 1st World war killed around 20 million). Learn about the origins, spread, and impact of the influenza pandemic of 1918–19. The Spanish Flu produced the largest single loss of life from any epidemic, ever. While the global pandemic lasted for two years, a significant number of deaths were packed into three especially cruel months in the fall of 1918. There were 3 different waves of illness during the pandemic, starting in March 1918 and subsiding by summer of 1919. Any information likely to impact on morale or indicate a weakness to the enemy was strictly prohibited. “The entire military industrial complex of moving lots of men and material in crowded conditions was certainly a huge contributing factor in the ways the pandemic spread.”, READ MORE: When Mask-Wearing Rules in the 1918 Pandemic Faced Resistance. Timetoast's free timeline maker lets you create timelines online. PHOTOS: Innovative Ways People Tried to Protect Themselves From the Flu. Today we are talking about the “Spanish flu” that occurred in 1918-1919. It killed 50 million people (At the same time, 1st World war killed around 20 million). August 1, 1918. Saving Lives, Protecting People, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD), The Deadliest Flu: The Complete Story of the Discovery and Reconstruction of the 1918 Pandemic Virus, Allocating & Targeting Pandemic Influenza Vaccine, Vaccination of Tier 1 at All Pandemic Severities, Implementation of this Guidance during a Future Pandemic, Vaccination Tier 2 through 5 by Pandemic Severity, Next Steps for the U.S. Government, States, and Communities, Regulations and Laws That May Apply During a Pandemic, Surveillance, Epidemiology and Laboratory, Vaccine and Other Medical Countermeasures, Healthcare System Preparedness and Response, PanVax Tool for Pandemic Vaccination Planning, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. In the second we tried to make an emotional connection with the pain and suffering caused by the Spanish Flu. Now, some of the lessons from that pandemic are still relevant today -- and could help prevent an … Yet the first wave of the virus didn't appear to be particularly deadly, with symptoms like high fever and malaise usually lasting only three days. Claim: People started to ignore social distancing rules during the 1918 pandemic, leading to a second wave of infections that killed more people than all of World War I. Spanish flu came in 2 waves. But a second deadly wave of the virus was lurking. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. The virus infected 500 million people worldwide and killed an estimated 20 million to 50 million victims—that’s more than all of the soldiers and civilians killed during World War I combined. It was designed on the base of the Wikimedia Commons file: 1918 spanish flu waves.gif. Although that wave, too, caused many deaths, the virus was running out of victims. This line graph sample shows three pandemic waves: weekly combined influenza and pneumonia mortality, United Kingdom, 1918–1919. This highly fatal second wave was responsible for most of the U.S. deaths attributed to the pandemic. Throughout April and May of 1918, the virus spread like wildfire through England, France, Spain and Italy. / R. C. Lethal virus. The Timeline of the Spanish Flu. Reported cases of Spanish flu dropped off over the summer of 1918, and there was hope at the beginning of August that the virus had run its course. Spanish flu or Spanish flu of 1918, also known as pandemic Influenza is highly contagious and spreads quickly. To the contrary, the Spanish flu pandemic spread more or less simultaneously in 3 distinct waves during a 12-month period from 1918–1919, in Europe, Asia, and North America (the first wave was best described in the United States in March 1918). Today, as the world grinds to a … According to Harris’s research, Newsholme concluded that “the relentless needs of warfare justified incurring [the] risk of spreading infection” and encouraged Britons to simply “carry on” during the pandemic. Read more about it! Although Spain was seriously affected as the illness swept Europe – one of the earliest casualties was the King of Spain and it left an estimated eight million people dead – Spain being especially hard hit was a false impression. The overall number of deaths starts from 21.5 millions, goes up to 50 millions, and some scholars even suggest 100 millions as a definite estimate. British military doctors conducting autopsies on soldiers killed by this second wave of the Spanish flu described the heavy damage to the lungs as akin to the effects of chemical warfare. The second wave that … The three waves of Spanish Flu The auditorium in Oakland (USA) was turned into a temporary hospital to treat patients suffering from the flu pandemic. The shortage was worsened by the American Red Cross’s refusal to use trained African American nurses until the worst of the pandemic had already passed. Many of Lane's fellow soldiers weren't as lucky as he. In addition to specific year/period-related events, there's the seasonal flu that kills between 250,000 and 500,000 people every year, and has claimed between 340 million and 1 billion human lives throughout history. READ MORE: As the 1918 Flu Emerged, Cover-Up and Denial Helped It Spread. The three waves of Spanish Flu The auditorium in Oakland (USA) was turned into a temporary hospital to treat patients suffering from the flu pandemic. Influenza pandemic of 1918–19, the most severe influenza outbreak of the 20th century and among the most devastating pandemics in human history. The first strain of the 1918 flu wasn’t particularly deadly. As U.S. troops deployed en masse for the war effort in Europe, they carried the Spanish flu with them. The pandemic that hit the world a century ago had three phases and infected 25 per cent of the world’s population Instead, top medical professionals in 1918 were convinced that the flu was caused by a bacterium nicknamed “Pfeiffer’s bacillus.”. 12. The Spanish flu pandemic was the largest, but not the only large recent influenza pandemic. Lasting from February 1918 to April 1920, it infected 500 million people – about a third of the world's population at the time – in four successive waves. The Spanish flu which began in 1918 was one of the most lethal pandemics in the Modern Age. “This was a huge distraction for medical science,” says Harris. The virus spread quickly through the Army installation, home to 54,000 troops. “That really freaked out the medical establishment, that there was this atypical spike in the middle of the W,” says Harris. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. At the time the First World War was still raging and the press in belligerent countries was highly censored. Contrary to its name, the first cases started popping up in the US, France, and Germany. From the 1918 Spanish flu to the Covid-19 pandemic now, here is a timeline of Singapore's fight against infectious diseases over the last 100 years. By Larry Romanoff, December 14, 2020. In the United States alone, 195,000 Americans died from the Spanish flu in just the month of October. “Spanish Flu” Sweeps the Country, Killing Millions! Then it came back in the fall with a vengeance. READ MORE: US Presidents Who Became Ill in Office, Interestingly, it was during this time that the Spanish flu earned its misnomer. Only with the second wave it became apparent that it was quite different. In France, England and the United States, newspapers weren’t allowed to report on anything that could harm the war effort, including news that a crippling virus was sweeping through troops. Today, as the world grinds to … When the Spanish flu first appeared in early March 1918, it had all the hallmarks of a seasonal flu, albeit a highly contagious and virulent strain. A nurse checking on a patient at the Walter Reed Hospital Flu Ward during the influenza pandemic, circa 1918. Spanish flu in 1918 spread to around 500 million (around 1/3rd of world population). It was designed on the base of the Wikimedia Commons file: 1918 spanish flu waves.gif. Eventually 16 million Indians will die from the various 'waves' of the flu. But it is false to attribute a specific number of deaths to each wave. By December 1918, the deadly second wave of the Spanish flu had finally passed, but the pandemic was far from over. Spanish Influenza appears in Bombay, India. There were reports of people seeming perfectly health at breakfast and dead by evening. First, the numbers. Victims of the Spanish flu at a barracks hospital on the campus of Colorado Agricultural College, Fort Collins, Colorado, 1918. By December 1918, the deadly second wave of the Spanish flu had finally passed, but the pandemic was far from over. Even in India, where the Spanish flu is estimated to have killed 18.5m, the mortality rate was just 6 per cent. One of the first casualties was the King of Spain. The 1918 flu pandemic virus kills an estimated 195,000 Americans during October alone. 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