Your body will produce and retain more fluid than usual, and as a result, you may notice swelling (known as edema) in your hands and legs. Being pregnant 39 weeks gives your baby's body all the time it needs to develop. If you've taken a childbirth class, you may have also learned about comfort techniques like the Lamaze, Bradley, and Read methods. There's also still not a lot of surfactant to support the baby breathing on his own. On average, a first-time mom has her baby at 39 weeks … They'll increase in strength and intensity, and they often start from the back and move to the front of your abdomen. In an accompanying editorial, William Oh of Brown University and Tonse N. K. Raju of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, said that the findings "…have important implications for obstetric and neonatal care and research. Babies born too early may have more health problems at birth and later in life than babies born later. He was born … Babies considered "early-term," born at 37 or 38 weeks after a mother's last menstrual period, may look as healthy as full-term babies born at 39-41 weeks, but a study published by University at Buffalo physicians in JAMA Pediatrics has found that many of them are not. In fact, only about 4 percent of moms-to-be deliver exactly on their due date. He has worked in the hospital's Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) since 1996. University at Buffalo. Questions? About 7 percent of births occur at weeks 34 to 36 But over the last 10 years, experts … _At 38 weeks, baby might already have about an inch or so of hair and is slowly shedding that white goo on her skin (called vernix caseosa). Frequent urination. “For years, we thought babies born at 37 or 38 weeks were fine,” says Scott Berns, MD, deputy medical director of the March of Dimes. If this is the case for you, you might want to focus on breathing exercises to help get you ready for your labor. How soon can I start breastfeeding after giving birth? "Babies born at 37 and 38 weeks at higher risk for adverse health outcomes." Is giving birth at 38 weeks normal? Original written by Ellen Goldbaum. Your baby is 19.6 inches long and weighs about 6.8 pounds this week. ), but you may not be allowed to eat solid foods. Materials provided by University at Buffalo. If you haven’t done so already, have your baby’s car seat installed so it’s ready to bring your baby home safe and sound. A baby born with brown eyes will likely keep them; other colours may change. Babies sizes vary around the last several weeks of pregnancy, but at 38 weeks pregnant your baby is probably between 17 and 20 inches (43.2 … Medical studies show that moms-to-be who have continuous labor support often have shorter labors and require less pain medication. “For years, we thought babies born at 37 or 38 weeks were fine,” says Scott Berns, MD, deputy medical director of the March of Dimes. "Although these early-term babies appeared to be mature, providing a false assurance to clinical providers and parents, and they did well on the Apgar scores, they are nevertheless physiologically immature," notes Lakshminrusimha. At 38 weeks pregnant, you may still be gaining weight, believe it or not. "Babies born at 37 and 38 weeks at higher risk for adverse health outcomes." Early term babies are considered those born between 37 weeks and 38 weeks, 6 days. Your healthcare provider will be able to give you more information on how long you'll need to fast for. The study is considered the first population-based, countywide assessment of neonatal morbidity among early-term infants based on individual medical records in the U.S. "Our results show the need for an increased awareness among health care providers that even though we consider babies born at 37 or 38 weeks almost term, they are still, to a large extent, physiologically immature," says Shaon Sengupta, MD, corresponding author and formerly a UB medical resident in the Department of Pediatrics and Women and Children's Hospital of Buffalo. The average baby #4 came 0.92 days earlier than baby #3. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader: Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks: Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Check with your provider or hospital staff in advance to be sure. Milky Way: Swarming With Earth-Like Planets? University at Buffalo. This person can be your partner, a family member, a friend, or even a trained professional, like a doula. The study was precipitated by observations among neonatologists that babies born at 37 or 38 weeks had more adverse health outcomes than those born at 39 to 41 weeks. Swollen ankles and feet. The data also show that early term babies delivered by cesarean section were at a higher risk -- by 12.2 percent -- for admission to the NICU compared with full-term babies and at 7.5 percent higher risk for morbidity compared with term births. Some moms-to-be find that getting regular exercise is more difficult at this point. That’s about the size of a bowling pin. The research covered nearly 30,000 live births in Erie County (which includes the city of Buffalo) from Jan. 1, 2006 through Dec. 31, 2008. Have any problems using the site? The average baby #4 came 0.38 days earlier than baby #1. In fact, his brain can grow as much as one third in size from week 35 to week 39 of your pregnancy. She is currently doing a neonatal-perinatal medicine fellowship at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. If you know you'll be having a cesarean section, you'll need to restrict your food intake before surgery. How Big is Your Baby at 38 Weeks? Pain relief drugs are typically either analgesic, which usually lessen but don't stop the pain, or anesthetic, which stop you from feeling any pain. If you're not yet 34 weeks along, you may be given corticosteroids to help your baby's lungs mature more quickly. To do! Enter the day your baby was born and at how weeks of pregnancy the delivery was, and we will automatically calculate a range of dates when sex likely happened, when the baby … He or she can also give practical assistance like timing contractions or offering a soothing massage, for example. Furthermore, babies delivered electively at 37 weeks are four times more likely to end up in the neonatal intensive care unit or have serious respiratory troubles than babies born at 39 weeks … "We were seeing a significant number of infants born at 37 weeks who looked big and pretty healthy, but who, within a few hours of birth were developing low blood sugar, difficulty in breathing or needed antibiotics, necessitating admission to the neonatal intensive care unit," says Lakshminrusimha. Even though those extra bathroom visits are a hassle, keep drinking plenty of water to stay well hydrated. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131002092633.htm (accessed February 23, 2021). At 40 weeks pregnant, your baby … Aug. 31, 2010 -- Babies delivered at 37 or 38 weeks -- or at 42 weeks or later -- are at increased risk for cerebral palsy compared to those born at 40 weeks, a study shows. University at Buffalo. Babies born at 37 and 38 weeks at higher risk for adverse health outcomes. For elective C-sections at 38 weeks' gestation, this risk is 4.2 times higher than for intended full-term vaginal delivery. But a few years … The outlook for very premature babies (born at less than 32 weeks) The outlook for moderate and late-term preemies (born between 32 and 36 completed weeks) The outlook for early-term babies (born in weeks 37 and 38) Getting clearance to go home with your baby. His little liver is nearly fully developed at this time, too. Make a list of these items or go through our downloadable hospital bag checklist, so you or your partner can throw the last few items in the bag before you go to the hospital. Adverse outcomes experienced by the early term babies included hypoglycemia (4.9 percent versus 2.5 percent of full-term babies), admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (8.8 percent versus 5.3 percent, the need for respiratory support (2.0 percent versus 1.1 percent), the need for intravenous fluids (7.5 percent versus 4.4 percent) intravenous antibiotics (2.6 percent versus 1.6 percent) and mechanical ventilation or intubation, which was required in .6 percent of early term babies versus .1 percent in full-term babies. Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Contractions. At 39 weeks, baby … Under what conditions might it be necessary to induce labor, and how common is inducing labor at 38 weeks pregnant? Otherwise, although a baby is considered full-term after 37 weeks, most doctors' offices won't schedule a C-section until you have reached 39 weeks gestation. Sign up for even more pregnancy tips here: sex during the final weeks of my pregnancy. A full-term pregnancy lasts 40 weeks, but some women are now electing to deliver two or three weeks early. With my first 2 I was prepared, eating healthy, etc. Most babies at this age do as well as a full term baby and the risks of there being complications due to baby's age are pretty small. The brain of a baby born at 37 weeks is not as advanced as that of a baby born around 42 weeks. You and your baby are getting ready for labor in many different ways, and … He did have some breathing issues at first but that was more due to the c-section than him being early and he was fine within 24 hours. Your baby … Should I call straight away or wait for something specific? Lakshminrusimha notes that the need for respiratory support is increased for babies delivered by cesarean section who may retain their fetal lung fluid, since they do not experience the hormonal changes of labor, which clear the fluid from the lungs. ScienceDaily. One well-known pain relief option is the epidural, but your healthcare provider is the best person to ask about what could be right for you. Though, you might see some of that at birth, too. When your baby drops lower into your pelvis, you may feel increased pressure on your pelvis, bladder, and hips. We had a problem free low-risk pregnancy until one morning I hadnt felt him move and a scan at the hospital confirmed we had lost him. If I think I'm in labor, who should I call? After your baby is born, his first few bowel movements will actually be a substance called meconium. Surface changes. Can I still breastfeed my baby? The average baby #4 came 0.19 days earlier than baby #2. Have you considered your options for pain relief during your labor? If you're wondering how many months along you are at 38 weeks pregnant, you're in either your ninth or tenth month, because the weeks of pregnancy don't necessarily fit neatly into months. 26 percent of births occur at 37 to 38 weeks. Is it safe to have sex during the final weeks of my pregnancy? Because your body is producing a hormone called relaxin, which softens the ligaments, muscles, and joints in preparation for childbirth, you might also experience some back or pelvic pain, especially as you get closer to your due date. 57.5 percent of all recorded births occur between 39 and 41 weeks. If you don't deliver immediately, both you and your baby … . You knew he was a genius! At 38 weeks pregnant, you may have already felt Braxton Hicks contractions. The UB researchers found that these early-term babies were at significantly higher risk for adverse outcomes. Pelvic pressure. To find out more about your estimated weight gain in these final few weeks, take a look at our pregnancy weight gain calculator. Your baby needs 39 weeks in the womb because: Important organs, like your baby’s brain, lungs and liver, need time to develop. The data revealed, for example, that twice as many of these early term babies needed mechanical ventilation and the need for lung surfactant use was seven times higher than in term babies. Some slight nausea can crop up again at 38 weeks pregnant or in the following weeks, and it can sometimes be a sign that labor is starting. This time I was on birth control and I am missing an ovary and STILL got pregnant. If you or your baby are not doing well: If you're at 34 weeks or later you may be induced or, in certain situations, delivered by c-section. Your birth partner can support you emotionally and provide encouragement. 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